Shi,W., Liu,J., Du,Z., Song,Y., Chen,C. and Yue,T.(2009): Surface modelling of soil pH. Geoderma, 150, 113-119.


 In addition to classical methods, namely kriging, Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW) and splines, which have been frequently used for interpolating the spatial patterns of soil properties, a relatively more accurate surface modelling technique is being developed in recent years, namely high accuracy surface modelling (HASM). It has been used in the numerical tests, DEM construction and the interpolation of climate and ecosystem changes. In this paper, HASM was applied to interpolate soil pH for assessing its feasibility of soil property interpolation in a red soil region of Jiangxi Province, China. Soil pH was measured on 150 samples of topsoil (0-20 cm) for the interpolation and comparing the performance of HASM, kriging, IDW and splines. The mean errors (MEs) of interpolations indicate little bias of interpolation for soil pH by the four techniques. HASM has less mean absolute error (MAE) and root mean square error (RMSE) than kriging. IDW and splines, HASM is still the most accurate one when we use the mean rank and the standard deviation of the ranks to avoid the outlier effects in assessing the prediction performance of the four methods. Therefore, HASM can be considered as an alternative and accurate method for interpolating soil properties. Further researches of HASM are needed to combine HASM with ancillary variables to improve the interpolation performance and develop a user-friendly algorithm that can be implemented in a GIS package.

Keywords: HASM; Interpolation accuracy; Soil properties; Validation』

1. Introduction
2. Materials and methods
 2.1. Descriptions of study area
 2.2. Samples and analyses
 2.3. HASM
 2.4. Classical methods
 2.5. Validation
3. Results and analyses
 3.1. Validation results
 3.2. Comparison of interpolation performance
 3.3. Comparison of the interpolated maps by the four techniques
4. Discussion and conclusions