Gylfason,T. and Zoega,G.(2002): Natural resources and economic growth: The role of investment. Central Bank of Chile Working Papers, No.142, 47p.



 This paper begins by a brief review of empirical evidence that seems to indicate that economic growth since 1965 has varied inversely with natural resource abundance or intensity across countries. The paper then proposes a new linkage between natural resources and economic growth, through saving and investment. When the share of output that accrues to the owners of natural resources rises, the demand for capital falls and this leads to lower real interest rates and less rapid growth. Moreover, the analysis shows that the discrepancy between the privately and socially optimal rates of growth increases with the natural capital share. Empirical evidence from 85 countries from 1965 to 1998 suggests that natural capital may on average crowed out physical as well as human capital, thereby inhibiting economic growth. The results also suggest that, across countries, heavy dependence on natural resources may hurt saving and investment indirectly by slowing down the development of the financial system.』

1. Introduction
2. Preview
3. Literature
4. Norway
5. Theory
 5.1. Optimal saving in the Solow model
 5.2. Optimal saving in the Ramsey model
 5.3. Endogenous growth
 5.4. Natural capital, financial intermediation and growth
6. Correlations
 6.1. Gross investment and growth
 6.2. Genuine saving and growth
 6.3. Gross saving and growth
7. Regressions
 7.1. From gross investment to genuine saving
 7.2. Economic growth and financial maturity
8. Conclusion
Appendix: Data and definitions