Konyukhov,A.I.(2012): Oil source rocks at the Mesozoic and Cenozoic continental margins: Communication 2. Oil source rocks at continental margins in the second half of the Cretaceous and in the Cenozoic. Lithology and Mineral Resources, 47(5), 419-436.


 Oil source rocks represent sequences with the Corg content ranging from 3-5 to 15-20 %. Sedimentary sections of large petroliferous basins usually include one or two such sequences, which generated liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons (HCs) during their long-term subsidence to the elevated temperature zone. The middle episode of the Late Cretaceous was marked by the accumulation of sediments with a high Corg content in different areas of the World Ocean. However, truly unique settings favorable for accumulation of the sapropelic organic matter (OM) appeared at continental margins that primarily faced the Tethys Ocean. The La Luna Formation is one of the best known source rock sequences responsible for the generation of liquid HCs in basins of the Caribbean region. In the Persian Gulf, the Kazhdumi Formation composed of marls and clayey limestones is considered the main oil-generating sequence. In the Paleogene after closure of the Tethys, the Pacific continental margins became the main domains that accumulated source rocks. The maximal deposition of sapropelic OM in this region correspond to the early-middle Eocene. In the Neogene, the accumulation of source sediments was associated with deltas and submarine fans of large rivers and with upwelling zones. In basins of the Californian borderland, the main oil-generating sequences are represented by siliceous rocks of the Monterey Formation. They were deposited in a regional upwelling zone related to the cold California Current.』

 Senonian-Paleocene interval
 Terminal Paleocene -first half of the Eocene
 Oligocene-Pleistocene interval