Konyukhov,A.I.(2012): Oil source rocks at the Mesozoic and Cenozoic continental margins: Communication 1. Oil source rocks at continental margins in the Triassic-Jurassic and Neocomian-Aptian. Lithology and Mineral Resources, 47(5), 401-418.


 The presence of rocks capable of generating hydrocarbons (HC) in the section of sedimentary-rocks basins is an essential criterion for their qualification as structures with oil and gas pools. Although organic matter (OM) is always present as dissemination in genetically different sediments, it is believed that rocks enriched with OM of the sapropel series (2 to 3 % Corg) can generate a significant amount of liquid HC. However, rock sequences with the Corg ranging from 3-5 and 15-20 % are considered oil source formations. The rock section of large petroliferous basins usually includes one or two source sequences, which generated liquid and gaseous HCs after submergence to high temperature and pressures zones. In the basin confined to the Arctic slope of Alaska, one of the main producers of liquid HC is represented by the Upper Triassic clays and limestones of the Shublik Formation. In the Barents Sea and North Sea basins, such rocks are represented by the Spekk Formation and the Kimmeridge Clay, respectively; in the West Siberian basin, by the Bazhenovo Formation; in the Persian Gulf, by the Fahlian, Sargelu, and Garau formations; in basins of the Caribbean region, by marls and clayey limestones of the La Luna Formation. In perioceanic basins of the South Atlantic, the major source sequences are represented by the Neocomian and Barremian clays and marls. The source rocks are identified as the Lagoa Feia Formation in the Campos and Santos basins. They are cognized as the Black Marlstone or Bukomazi Formation in the Lower Congo, Kwanzaa-Cameroon, and Angola basins.』

 Early and middle Triassic epochs
 Late Triassic and early Jurassic epochs
 Late Jurassic-Berriasian