Kholodov,V.N.(2008): The biosphere and problems of oil origin. Lithology and Mineral Resources, 43(5), 470-487.


 The chemical composition, structure, and biomass of the present-day biosphere are discussed with particular attention paid to reproducibility of organisms. It is shown that the Earth's stratisphere (sedimentary sphere) contains significant traces of past biospheres, which determines the biogenic oil generation potential. Based on indications of biogenic oil origin and particular examples, some aspects of the sedimentary-migration theory of oil and gas origin are considered.』

Structure and composition of the biosphere
Reproducibility as the main property of biosphere
Problem of organic matter accumulation on continents and in oceans
Secondary transformations of organic matter in elision systems
The problem of oil origin