Lutz,C., Lehr,U. and Wiebe,K.S.(2012): Economic effects of peak oil. Energy Policy, 48, 829-834.


 Assuming that global oil production peaked, this paper uses scenario analysis to show the economic effects of a possible supply shortage and corresponding rise in oil prices in the next decade on different sectors in Germany and other major economies such as the US, Japan, China, the OPEC or Russia. Due to the price-inelasticity of oil demand the supply shortage leads to a sharp increase in oil prices in the second scenario, with high effects on GDP comparable to the magnitude of the global financial crises in 2008/09. Oil exporting countries benefit from high oil prices, whereas oil importing countries are negatively affected. Generally, the effects in the third scenario are significantly smaller than in the second, showing that energy efficiency measures and the switch to renewable energy sources decreases the countries' dependence on oil imports and hence reduces their vulnerability to oil price shocks on the world market

Keywords: Peak oil; Economic oil price effects; Global energy-economy-environment model』528**

1. Introduction
2. Model and scenario setup
3. Results
 3.1. Oil price
 3.2. Energy supply and demand
 3.3. Macroeconomic effects
4. Conclusions